How the debate works:
I have made a proposal for a UN resolution that shall be debated on. In order to participate write in the comments your argument explaining whether or not it could work. Make sure to list out all flaws.
Purpose: To encourage MEDCs (more economically developed countries) to take a percentage of refugees every year
What the resolution shall entail:
- the percentage of refugees meant to be taken in varies on the member states’ GDP
- the states must provide refugees with suitable resources in order to live
- UNHCR frequent checks to make sure no human rights violations are committed in said country
- an established vetting system that can be altered to a certain extent, used by all member nations who adopt the resolution
- the distribution of refugees from LEDCs(low economically developed countries) to MEDCs
*Remember I am simply providing my opinion and encourage you to do so as well in the comments. I am open to feedback as well and hope you provide it by commenting below. Thanks for reading!
What is the African Union?
It is essentially a union which has all 55 countries in the continent of Africa as members. The union was founded in Addis Ababa, with a purpose to replace the former Organisation of African Unity, or (OAU). Member states in the United Nations in Africa are also a part of this union.
Purposes & Aims
- reach a ‘peaceful, prosperous and integrated Africa’ (AU Website)
- promote human rights
- encourage sustainable development
- further protect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all member states
These are just a few of the aims of the AU more are listed on the website or the AU Wikipedia page.
OPINION: AU’s impacts and its future
The establishment of the African Union marks the continuous collaboration between all African member states in order to fulfill their goals. It shows that African member states are willing to and intend to cooperate with each other for a better future for the entire continent of Africa. The continuation of the organization may possibly mean member states are closer to meeting their goals and aims(listed above) and may have better relations with each other as they unite through this continental union.
Remember I am simply providing my opinion and encourage you to do so as well in the comments. I am open to feedback as well and hope you provide it by commenting below. Thanks for reading!
What is Model UN?
In my own words, MUN is a simulation of the actual United Nations today. It is geared towards helping high school and university students gain a better understanding of what happens in the UN and how it works. Students attend conferences established around the world, one being the THIMUN(The Hague International MUN). Students are given a delegation or country which they represent in conferences and provide solutions and input on issues today.
What are its benefits?
Students can gain many skills through this extracurricular activity such as:
- leadership skills
- public speaking skills
- collaboration skills
- communication skills
- debating skills
The list goes on and on but these are the essential ones that I have gained through past experience. It is widely known that colleges also appreciate that students take MUN, but keep in mind that a student shall not partake in an activity just to impress a university, but because it is a passion of theirs.
Model United Nations in my view, can change the world. This activity enables students to think about international relations and politics and inspire them to take action and make a change. A potential MUN-er can possibly become the next Secretary-General of the United Nations. Students can get inspired because of this activity and make a significant impact in today’s society. It is imperative that today’s youth become involved in current events and international relations so they can create a better world for future generations, and MUN is just the beginning.
What is the International Court of Justice?
The International Court of Justice or ICJ for short is a branch of the United Nations and contains exactly 15 judges elected by the General Assembly.
The 2 functions:
- deals with disputes between states
- gives advisory opinions
- are opinions regarding international law
- are essentially answers to questions asked by the UN General Assembly, international agencies, or branches
- Advisory opinions are made by the majority of the judges in the court
The Importance of Advisory Opinions:
Advisory Opinions to me, play a significant role in international law as these opinions are answers that allow us to better understand the subject. Using both logic and reason, the judges are able to come up with the answers to pressing questions that arise, thus, avoiding confusion and issues regarding or relating to international law.
*Remember, I am still learning and if my opinion, analysis, arguments, or anything at all could be improved in any way let me know! Also, keep in mind that I am just providing my own opinion and would be happy to have feedback and opinions from you as well.
What is the UN?
The UN short for the United Nations is an intergovernmental organization established during the year 1945 and is the predecessor of the former League of Nations. With a current 193 member states, the UN’s primary purpose is to “promote international co-operation and to create and maintain international order.” (Wikipedia)
The UN’s official website where it posts a detailed overview of its creation: http://www.un.org/en/sections/about-un/overview/
How does the UN help those in need?
- establishes peacekeeping operations
- attempts to alleviate rural poverty
- alleviates hunger
- promotes human rights
- aids refugees
- aids those affected by natural disasters
- provides food for the needy
I personally believe that the UN in terms of humanitarian assistance is one of the most exceptional organizations out there. The UN has a tendency to resolve some conflicts and when it is necessary carries out peacekeeping operations. As listed above the UN clearly has many efforts for the betterment of humanity. However, numerous complex issues still remain today since the UN’s creation. Sovereignty plays a big role on this as member states being independent and self-ruling, still have the ability to do what they believe is just, regardless of the UN’s discrepancy. This is what hinders further action on some issues. Veto power also has an effect on resolutions being passed as there is the possibility that a resolution could drastically help numerous people and if it is not implemented, the issue remains unsolved. You can read more on veto power on my other post here: https://internationalaw.wordpress.com/2017/06/27/first-blog-post/
Keep in mind that I am just providing my own opinion and would be happy to have feedback and opinions from you as well.
Secretary-General of the UN
This is defined as “a title given to the principal administrator of some organizations, most notably the United Nations.”
The Role of the UN Secretary-General
This position is highly prestigious and comes with many benefits. The Secretary General of the UN does these things:
- Carries out duties, affairs, or tasks recommended or given by the SC, GA, ECOSOC, and more.
- At times, is seen as a mediator during conflict situations
- Establishes yearly reports on the UN’s achievements and what shall be done in the future.
(The Secretary – General does much more, and this is a brief description of their duties.)
Former UN Secretary – General The former UN Secretary-General is Ban Ki-Moon, and he ended his term last year. Antonio Guterres, former prime minister of Portugal, succeeded him. He is known for aiding refugees in various ways.
Here is a video of UN Secretary-General is Ban Ki-Moon, praising the man that will replace him. Antonio Guterres.
Keep in mind that I am just providing my own opinion and would be happy to have feedback and opinions from you as well. Also, I apologize for not posting in a while, and sorry that this post wasn’t exactly lengthy. My opinion wasn’t added as this post was meant to inform.